Alone, in a couple, or as a part of a family, we spend hours lounging on our sofa. Also it is important to clean it regularly to keep it free of distractions and everyday dirt. Check out all our tricks and methods to maintain your sofa, whether leather or fabric!
How to maintain your leather sofa?
Buying a leather sofa does not happen without some hesitation. Certainly it will give style to your living room, but in return it will require constant attention. If you have children the spots are virtually guaranteed but that should not worry you too much if you know the means to take care of that effectively. A brief overview of precautions:
● To maintain the beauty of the leather, it is advisable to regularly dust and smooth the surface of the sofa with a slightly damp chamois. Repeat this action once a week.
● Once a month, take advantage of a large household to apply a maintenance cream over the entire surface of the leather sofa with a soft cloth. Alta Leather brand is offering a nourishing milk that moisturizes deeply your leather.
● Once a year, it is advisable to make a large sofa cleaning. Surprising but approved method: the traditional soap works miracles. Soak a cloth in a bowl, moisten with water and soap. The program enables you to back up the flexibility of your leather. Alternatively, you can always opt for professional cleaning business if you are afraid of damaging your sofa.
● The leather special shampoos are available for sale and also clean the leather thoroughly. They remove any stains while maintaining your leather coloring.
Warning: before using any product for your sofa, you should always test on an inconspicuous part to ensure that the material supports this kind of detergent.
● The location of the sofa in the room plays a major role in its life. And care is taken not to expose it to direct sunlight.
● Heat sources are obviously banned from the leather sofa. Do not install it near a fireplace, heater or stove. The leather will crack under the pressure of the heat.
● Finally preventive and often difficult to enforce gesture: avoid the whole family to snack on the leather sofa. This will prevent damage to the leather.
● No maintenance was done and a spot just made its appearance on the leather? Do not worry, help is at hand in a cupboard in the bathroom. Body lotion baby is recovered and applied in a thin layer on the stain with a cotton pad. This milk will hydrate the stained area.
Advice from a pro
Jacky Baumannn in charge of after-sales service of Leather Center: Already, we avoid exposing the sofa to light because it can alter the flexibility of leather. Then you have to regularly dust off the surface of the sofa with a cloth slightly moistened. This is a basic operation that preserves the leather.
● What are your maintenance tips?
Once a quarter you can clean your leather thoroughly with special shampoo leather. The goal is to clean the leather to keep it clean and prevent dirt accumulation on the surface of the leather coming alter depth (destroys pigment colors or varnish)
This sponge shampoo is ready and it is passed on without rubbing leather with circular motions but then rinsed with a clean sponge movement.
Second step: a specific treatment cream is applied to the leather. This product aims to isolate the leather from external aggression. It is a preventive cream that will allow the leather to remain flexible.
● Some solutions for specific spots on a leather sofa?
Food stain? The leather sofa will not absorb food or liquid stain. The task was extracted first with an absorbent then a special shampoo leather is used to deep clean the fabric.
Chewing gum? We will use the old methods taught to us by our grandmothers – you put an ice cube in a plastic bag and hold it against the stain. By cooling the spot, the stickiness will disappear and we will just scrape carefully.
Paint, varnish and cigarette burns? In such cases, it will be better to hire a specialist leather shop that will advise a suitable product without having to change the entire panel of leather.
● The ultimate advice?
Once you have cleaned your little spot with a suitable shampoo locally, it will be advisable to clean the entire leather panel. For example, for a spot of jam at a place of the seat, it will clean up the rest of the seat so that there is no difference in the brightness of the leather on the entire panel.
Choosing furniture for the dining room means to always start with the table and chairs! Simple at first … but the choice in marriage of styles, materials and colors is such that the first step to cross decor can be a real headache! Should we strive for a consistent style between the table and chairs for dining room? Should we mix materials? Can we dare to color and get a chic dining? So many options!
Wooden table and chairs made of leather
Sleek and contemporary would be the way to describe it. The dining room table is surrounded by a series of chairs in brown leather. The lines are consistent: right rectangular table and chairs looking modern but simple, light Italian design. Table and chairs fit perfectly in a modern dining room with simple, chic warm feel to it. The consistency of colors and materials is a Zen aesthetic factor. In this contemporary dining room, wood is being honored with the beautiful wooden sliding door.
The dining table glass is a great standard of dining room design. To play full transparency, the glass table can match transparent plastic chairs. Perfect composition decorated contemporary dining room that combines design and old fashioned emotions if you are the type of person to enjoy such things.
Table and chairs upholstered leather
Simple reliable light wood that fits into many styles of dining, from the dining room to the rustic modern dining room is often preferred by many. For comfortable seating, chairs offer a high back in straight and thick lines. Smooth or pitted, this range of modern and comfortable chairs are made of synthetic leather and full grain cowhide leather.
Glass table and chairs red design
The choice of a glass table, the choice of a table that knows fade to give their place to dining chairs. Due to the neutrality of the glass from the table, the chairs have to be made of emancipated material colors and weirdly unexpected shapes. Chairs with predominant color being red, offer the dining room a unique design that gives a boost to the table. Pulling away from the dining room to a gadget style, red chair design can be very chic provided it is integrated in an interior architecture and upscale decor. Note: wood softens the atmosphere and works very well with red.
Table and chairs with Baroque design
Baroque design suggests tables from the antique ages as well as dining chairs style that matches the table. The design of plastic chairs imitating Baroque style contrast while playing with the consistency table. Their rounded backrest recalls the shape of antique medallions and creates consistency with the table. Table and chairs of this kind are ideal for dining rooms in apartments with interiors seeks to preserve the classic and cozy Parisian chic interiors while introducing furniture and design objects.
Concrete table and metal chairs
For years a contemporary dining room with large volumes and minimalist decor was represented by the concrete table that fits into the decor and is usually very obvious. To play with the materials, this table offers a tray Lege ® concrete and old wooden feet. Indeed contemporary and sober colors plus the chairs design metal in a beautiful tone and consistency of raw materials.
As one can easily discover for him or herself, there is much to choose from. The good old days when you would just buy whatever is available seem to be long gone and forgotten only to make way for different styles and tastes. A change for the better, perhaps. Now one is free to express whatever emotions or combinations tickle the heart and thus achieve more productive or soothing home environment.
Most people have in their house some type of old furniture or another and this furniture is often the most used of all since it has been around for quite a while now. Depending on how long it has been in service, you might be able to restore it so it is in almost perfect condition. That is, of course, if you know what you are doing.
Ralph Swan worked with wood for over twenty years, and he points out that a restoration that we potentially undertake ourselves can be very satisfying. “A piece of furniture that we managed to prolong the life of becomes even more valuable, he says, and it may possibly be passed from one generation to another. “
Painting and refinishing furniture are activities enjoying an increasing popularity these days. This is sensible option, but Mr Swan believes it is better to do a little research before undertaking such a project. After all, there are plenty of little details to consider if you want to avoid a scenario in which you add to the damage rather than provide actual repairs and restoration.
It is better to leave some tracks in their natural state, because despite the wear they are more valuable if they are in their original condition. Make sure you inspect the furniture to see if there are no tags or identifying marks that could reveal its origins.
If you discover that the furniture in question is a rare piece that has a lot of value, contact a professional to preserve its original beauty and even potentially cash in a big reward if you don’t need the furniture itself but could use the extra money.
Ralph Swan, who works with WaterSeal Minwax products, recommends the following tips when you begin your restoration project:
• Clean the cabinet with the wood cleaner before applying a finish.
• Remove the old wax and residues with two cloths - one that is soaked with paint thinner, and another to wipe the entire surface.
• To remove the old finish, you can use steel wool grain, brush strip, lint-free cloths and restorer of antique wood Minwax.
• Soak a pad of steel wool in a small amount of wood restorer, remove the excess and test the product on a place that does not show.
• Apply the renovator with steel wool in a circular motion allowing the old finish to soften. Repeat, wipe the surface with a clean cloth, and repeat again.
• Remove residues finished with a lint-free cloth.
• Allow to dry for two days and then apply stain to wood. Allow the stain to penetrate the wood for five minutes and then wipe off the excess with a clean cloth. Wait at least 4 to 6 hours and repeat the dyeing process.
• Allow to dry for 24 hours and then apply a coat of protective finish antique oil using a brush with natural bristles. Wait five minutes and wipe off with a clean cloth. Wait 24 hours and repeat.
• Let the oil finish dry for a day and then apply a thin layer of paste wax finish.
Take a dollop of wax, place it at the center of two to three layers of unbleached cotton fabric and apply the wax.
Then apply three to four thin, even layers that can be polished after 30 minutes with an old piece of denim.
• Make sure to always follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Work in a well ventilated and protected, and dispose of rags in a responsible place.
Wear old clothes and goggles during labor for extra protection as well as gloves. Work patiently and attentively, leaving no spots untreated and keep to the timetable to maximize results.
Recycling is happening more than ever before and many ideas can be put into practice to decorate your home while recycling. This is not only to live greener by reusing resources, but save a lot of money by creating original furniture that will give your home a unique style. This article gives you some amazing ideas for how to make furniture with recycled pallets.
What you should know
Pallets are used to transport products and materials to many supermarkets, restaurants, grocery stores and even boutiques. The best way to recover these is to walk in your neighborhood or in the most popular places in your area and talk to the store owners. It is also common to see outside stores after hours, it’s a good time to pick them up. You will find them in different sizes, which makes them a perfect raw material for all types of furniture.
Working with palettes
Although pallets are not made with good quality wood, they are very strong and after a few changes, they appear quite awesome in your home. Therefore, in order to improve their appearance, you should always:
- Sand the pallet elements, this will allow you to remove splinters and improve their appearance.
- Apply varnish, it can be transparent or colored, depending on your choice. It can protect the wood and give it a nice shine. If you prefer, keep its natural look and just skip this step.
Make sofas with pallets
When it comes to furnishing a room, furniture that requires the most investment is usually the couch. But if you are creative and love the eco-friendly style, you’ll find this great idea of recycling to make your own furniture quite attractive. Collect several pallets of thick and durable wood, sand and varnish them but make sure they really are especially strong and not just appear as such.
The pallets will be the base and back of your couch. You must choose the pieces of the desired size, cut carefully and attach the file and those of the base with nails, so that they are stable. You can also make independent elements, which is so fashionable nowadays.
Place over the cushions that serve as padding, they can be simple or long, depending on your taste. The result is amazing, attractive and very original.
Make a coffee table with paddles
This is one of the most popular ways to reuse pallets. This is a very simple to make and brings life to any space in your living room or dining room.
To make a coffee table with paddles, take a piece of the desired length for the table, rub down and instead of varnish, you can paint it a color in harmony with the decor of your home. Some people install four wheels on the legs to move it easily, others prefer not to add anything.
You can also place a custom cut glass or leave it as is to give it a more rustic style. What do you think of the result?
Make a library with pallets
Libraries or windows have a fundamental place in most places. But we do not always have the money to make this purchase. If you prefer to opt for something original rather than buying the same furniture that everyone else uses, then we encourage you to make a library with pallets.
The best way is to opt for a modular design, installing several boxes of pallets on the wall and imagining your own furniture. This will allow you to vary the styles and colors, many people choose to paint, a little imagination makes a huge difference.
If you decide to create a complete piece of furniture, the best way is to join the pieces together and make a compact library.
Make shelves with pallets
Another easy way to decorate your home with pallets is to create shelves, which can be as simple as installing a piece of whole palette and use it to place pictures, letters or plants, or make shelves with crates or pallets modules original form.
Decorate your home with pallets requires only a little imagination and creativity. You can get amazing results well worth bragging about. How many people do you actually know to be doing such a thing? Not great many for sure. You can do your home some good while preserving environment’s resources and even save a good deal of money in the process. All that is required is some imagination and the willingness to put in the effort.
Painful awakenings because of back pain can be extremely frustrating especially if one desperately needs the rest. First reaction: blame our bedding. Between latex foam and bagged or double cone springs, this article can help you find the mattress you need.
You want to change the bedding, but the importance of the task can make you confused. Which mattress do I prefer and what should I be careful if I suffer from chronic back aches?
For Dr. François Duforez, doctor working for the sleep center of the Hotel-Dieu in Paris, and founder of the European Sleep Center, the close relationship between pain and sleep is not to be doubted, especially during the second part of night reserved for REM sleep. The latter, more superficial, is therefore more fragile when inflammatory problem arises.
“Clinical observations have shown that poor bedding makes the back more sensitive to the pain, he says. In addition, a new bedding, muscle activity is reduced, the microreveils are fewer. “
Just to be on the safe side, it is worth remembering that if a better bedding can provide better sleep, it can not be the only response to the many causes of back problems.
Five things to check when choosing a mattress
This is not so much related to the technology - latex, foam or springs - which account it is even unimportant according to sleep specialists. Instead, we must focus on the intrinsic qualities of the mattress, box spring without forgetting that provides much of the breakdown of the bedding.
Neither too soft nor too hard
The idea that a very firm mattress would be good for the back, or a board between the mattress and box spring fixes everything is founded on pure misconception, it is actually quite the contrary. If you move a lot during the night and that we suffer from inflammatory pain, we will spend time to wake them on a mattress which hosts too rigidly pressure points of the body. That’s why Dr. Duforez does not recommend the use of the futon for those who complain of back pain.
Comfort = a soft mattress
Whatever the technique used is the formula to remember. A first impression of comfort is the association of softness; one second feeling proper conduct of all body parts, including its pressure points like shoulders, buttocks, etc. This is the objective to search. Without neglecting the thickness of the mattress over its density, the better it will absorb the “shock” of nocturnal movements, the better the overall quality of the mattress is.
The temperature control
It is a dimension that rarely comes to mind, yet it is essential that the mattress should provide good control of body temperature to ensure adequate sleep. If it was too hot, sleeping poorly would be the result, and the threshold of pain is modified. Similarly we can draw such conclusions about shudders. Natural materials (wool, cotton) generally provide better heat exchange.
The right size
We should not adopt too small kind of bedding, although the space in which we will install is not very large. On average, beds are 140 cm wide. It is highly advisable to go to 160 and even 180 cm. if you feel the need to If one partner moves a lot, it will inevitably affect the quality of sleep of others and increase pain by changing his movements by the comfort in which his/her partner had moved.
The fun part
The subjective nature of the choice is not ruled out. It’s all about sensations. But the fun is an essential component in the quality of sleep, not to be overlooked!
Latex, foam and springs have their specificities. Overview of the different types of mattresses is available online.
Originally a natural material derived from the sap of rubber trees, but most often it is a synthetic compound with characteristics better controlled by manufacturers.
For what purpose? It is often recommended for patients with allergies. It offers further excellent ventilation qualities, so it is particularly suitable for those that eliminate a lot of water while they sleep.
Several proposals for the same technology: pocket springs; more conventional double cone springs, expanded in their bases and tightened at the center; or the famous “multi-turn” of Epeda mark, made with a continuous thread.
For what purpose? Pocket springs allow for two, independence sleeping. Biconical offer proactive support to those that move a lot. The multi-turn promise feeling more seamless support.
Polyurethane foam offers different qualities depending on its density. They say she is “highly resilient” as bultex, since its density is higher than 35 kg / m 3. As for the foam “shape memory”, it offers the greatest qualities of elasticity.
For what purpose? Due to its cellular system, the foam can easily adjust the contact points of the body. The foam “shape memory” fits the silhouette. However, it hardens and softens or is cold or warm.
When choosing children furniture, there are a number of factors to consider in order to make the right choice. In this article, we try to produce the best tips to take into account when purchasing office furniture for children.
1. The office must first appeal to your child
As the name suggests, a child desk is to be considered a kid’s office in a way. This would mean that it is intended for use by the child itself and not by us, its parents. Therefore, it is first necessary that the office suits your kid. It serves no purpose you buy a desk that you like but do not respond at all to the taste of your child. It will probably reject it rendering the investment to no avail.
To choose an office that pleases your child, there are some tricks like:
Go together with your child instead of buying hastly and let them choose the design, color, the model that suits him or her. If you buy on the Internet, ask your child to choose among the models shown on the vendor’s site. Drive around several stores to find the office that your child really wants. Please do an internet search for in the specialty sites to see the range of available models in order to have a wider choice and increase the chance of a satisfactory purchase at the end.
2. The life of the child is an important factor when setting up theoffice
When choosing a child office, it is important to take into account the lifetime of the office. There are offices for children in boxes that do not last long, while there has offices in solid wood that lasts longer. Sellers of furniture for kids can give you more advice on the materials used for office (cardboard, plastics, wood etc.) and therefore over their useful lives respectively. But depending on your goals, choose the material that best suits you for life, so the duration of use will remain satisfactory.
3. Other technical aspects
Other technical parameters are also to be taken into account when buying office furniture for children. One example is the adjustability of the office. There are offices for children with adjustable height or surface, and this can be important when you want to customize the desktop to the size of the child or if you want to maximize space in your child’s room. This is for example the possibility of having cupboards and drawers. There are offices for children with multiple storage compartments and drawers allowing the child to a tidy and orderly business.
These two examples are not the only technical parameters. There’s more. But the ideal is not to forget to inquire your dealer for more office furniture specifications and benefits.
4. What about the price?
The price aspect is also a determining factor in choosing the office of your child. The price depends on several factors such as: design, material (wood, plastic, etc.), technical aspects (see previous section), the age group (there are offices for 2-4 years, as more 5 years for example), make, etc.
Generally, the price can range from 40 Euros to 600 Euros or more, depending on the brand and the factors mentioned above. The table of the children’s desk costs more than the office chair. But note that, in general, vendors sell all in one lot for practical purposes.
5. Tips for a few quality brands
The quality of children’s desk also depends on the brand. Some brands are high quality but cost more, while others are of inferior quality and are relatively cheap, and therefore accessible. It all depends on your budget and goals.
Some large manufacturers or retailers or distributors of furniture for children for whom there is an infinite number of quality brands:
Conforama, IKEA, Paragraph furniture & decoration, FLY furniture and decoration, La Redoute, Twenga, etc.
As you have probably understood by now, there are quite a few factors which determine your success in acquiring a good desk for your child. We made a fair attempt to note most of the important ones, however, be mindful there is always a bit of something else to consider so having a good think about it might just do you justice before you consider pulling out your credit card.
Sofas have become common if not mandatory when furnishing the living room. There are so many different types one can easily end up overwhelmed just by the sheer amount of choice available out there. So before you even consider this model or that size, make sure you approach the issue with a clear head and in an intelligent manner.
Questions to ask:
1 First of all, it is imperative to check the space available in the living room. Indeed, measure your room carefully to avoid surprises (sofa too large, disproportionate angle …). It is very important not to overlook the space between the doors, corridors, or in the elevator. Failing to acquire proper estimations may render you unable to bring the sofa home or to manage with that but fail to fit it where you wanted it in the first place.
2 Then, think about the mood you want to infuse your living room with. Indeed, several options are available to you. The legs of the sofa are very important in order to install a special kind of atmosphere. The wooden legs provide your living room a rustic feel, while metal ones, for example, will give your room a modern design touches. It is therefore up to every single individual to weight out the pros and cons and make their mind up which one would best fit into the already established atmosphere and internal design.
3 Make sure to also carefully consider all evidence that could help you narrow your search. If you own pets, for example, it is clever to focus your choices on the material and color of the sofa. A leather sofa and dark colors withstand much better over time compared to many other types. Presence of pets and especially if they are of the messy type is an important consideration from the perspective of wear and tear. Potential stains also need to be accounted for.
4 One of the most essential criteria is price. In order to get the best value for money, it is important to know how to decipher the technical characteristics associated with sofas.
Here is a little reminder of things to carefully consider when making a choice:
As we explained in section 3, it is important to adapt the couch to your lifestyle. When you have children below age such as a sofa or microfiber fabric is very convenient in the sense that these materials are very easy to maintain. Another advantage worth mentioning is that microfiber sofas are less costly compared to a leather sofas. Still important to mention that leather sofas generally have longer life expectancy. This requires of course, maintenance and to actually do it regularly. However, the leather is sensitive to scratches (information to remember especially if you have in your possession a pet that is happy to play around a lot).
Prices of leather sofas also vary according to two main aspects: the type of leather and the thickness. The cow leather is the most common, it has a very good performance and a relatively strong grain. There is also the calf (finer) and buffalo (the buff).
There are three standard thicknesses for leather: 0.9 - 1.1 mm which is the most common, has a lifetime of up to five years if the leather receives regular maintenance course. Then there is 1.1 - 1.3 mm, and finally 1.3 to 1.5 mm.
If little is known, it can quickly become a real headache. It is very important to ensure the density of the foam that makes up the seat. Attention to popular belief, the density does not match the thickness of the foam that makes up the seat which is fairly typical phenomenon. A firm foam does not mean that the seat will be “hard”. This feature is important for the longevity of seating comfort. For instance, consider density between 25 KG / m3 and 40 KG / m3. Sofa whose seat is low density tends to sag and score more quickly. However that is entirely dependent on the value of the sofa. If it is an extra sofa (eg second home, guest room, …) density may be lower than a sofa that you use everyday.
Only two types of suspension are currently used on the market: the elastic straps and springs. The advantage of elastic straps is that they offer a well distributed between the seat and back comfort. For their part, the spring enjoy superior comfort, especially if they are bagged, as they are independent of each other and provide maintenance of very good quality. Moreover, they tend to have a longer service life.
Although we can not compare it to the bathroom and the kitchen because those are the main functional areas of the house, the bedroom has a very important role indeed. It is the room dedicated to rest and relaxation, and must be taken into account in the way to harness it.
Rule # 1 for decorating a bedroom: Preserve the tranquility and privacy
We love the silence in the bedroom, do we not? Choose appliances and accessories that do not make noise. The continuous “ticking” of a grandfather clock might make you crazy in the middle of the night! Also avoid objects such as metal chimes which are suspended and that can make you jump at the slightest gust of wind.
For those who own a loft, remember that the bedroom is a place of personal character if you will. It is usually the only room in the house we do not share with all members of the family. A screen or curtain chosen wisely will help you maintain the peace and reinforce a strong sense of comfort during night sleep/afternoon nap.
Rule # 2 to decorate a bedroom: Choose soothing colors
Surely you know that bright colors like red, yellow or orange have the property of exciting the senses. That is why they are used sparingly in a bedroom. Because they have soothing properties, rather choose green, blue or gray to decorate a bedroom. If you hold still to put a little spice, you could use bright colors for your accessories such as lamps, decorative pillows, etc.
Rule # 3 to decorate a bedroom: Do not overload
Chairs, canopies, dresser, desk, side table, chest at the foot of the bed … Do you need all that stuff in the bedroom? By adding side tables, dresser and wardrobe, you’ll have trouble breathing! Be selective in choosing furniture for a room whose sole purpose is to ensure your rest is fruitful.
Rule # 4 for decorating a bedroom: Dress windows
The curtains are probably the most important of the bedroom decorative accessories. They serve to protect the privacy of the room, but it’s also a good way to add a splash of color. Pair it with the cover of the bed, pillows, upholstery, etc.
Rule # 5 for decorating a bedroom: Use proper lighting
Prefer soft lighting and relaxing. Install lamps instead of headlamps. For the ceiling, be sure to install a dimmer in order to reduce the intensity of light.
Rule # 6 for decorating a bedroom: Provide the storage
It is rare that a single wardrobe will be sufficient to accommodate all the clothes we own. Throwing clothes on a chair or on the bed is not the most elegant solution … This is why you must make choices by selecting practical furnishings. An example? A bed base with drawers could be of great service.
Rule # 7 for decorating a bedroom: Limit electronics
Television has long since transcended the living room to settle in all parts of the house, including the bedroom. TV on the wall providing distraction and eye-bugging waves is something usual these days. However, if the bedroom is transformed into a home theater with speakers everywhere and miles of wiring running along the walls, the room will lose its charm and most importantly its purpose!
We now know that all furniture made of particle board (chipboard), PVC, synthetic adhesive, covered or not laminated, paints, stains and / or varnish elements are released “for a while” vapors solvents or volatiles (VOCs). This phenomenon is commonly called “salting“.
It is therefore advised not to furnish your home or workplace with pieces such as tables, chairs, cupboards, desks, shelves, ottomans, sofas … based on synthetic materials, chipboard or laminated.
Choose in their stead furniture made of solid wood or stable materials!
We talk about stability of a material when it retains its properties for a long time, even if the conditions under which it is used varies:
In the case before us, we will use this term about materials “does no salting-gas component or as micro-particles” while subject to variations in temperature, humidity or just wear and tear.
A disturbing finding
- The latest studies on the subject show that the air inside our homes is 10 times more polluted than outdoor air, only in the countryside or in the mountains the air is considered least affected by air pollution.
- In France, respiratory diseases are responsible for about 40,000 deaths every year.
- In France, the number of deaths from cancer has more than doubled over the past half-century, to over 150,000 cases reported today.
- 1 of 7 European has asthma and allergies are increasing.
- In developed countries, male fertility has fallen 40% in 20 years; in Europe, it is already 12% of couples are infertile.
- As part of its campaign “Detox” to support and strengthen the proposed REACH (Registration Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) regulation, WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) did blood tests on a panel of MEPs in October 2003; their blood contained an average of 41 toxic, 13 however long banned, confirming that these items are stored by the body for the long term.
- More detailed analysis has revealed the presence of nearly 200 unwanted substances in our body.
All these figures come from studies published by the WHO, the Observatory of the quality of indoor air, and Greenpeace.
The risks and related symptoms
Pollution manifests on the outside by the means of headaches, discomfort such as irritation of the airways, allergies and diseases primarily affecting the respiratory system.
Some family members such as infants, children and pregnant but also the elderly and sick women, are particularly sensitive to air pollutants.
Indeed, a study by the University of Grenoble has revealed that exposure of pregnant women to air pollution could damage the developing fetus: their birth weight was lower and head circumference decreased.
Why are children more at risk in general?
Children spend nearly 90% of their time in enclosed spaces (housing, transportation, school / nursery, leisure areas …).
In France, children under 15 years, 10% of boys and 6% of girls have had asthma.
This is also a leading cause of school absenteeism (Source: MEEDTL - Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing)
The long-term effects
The origin of many diseases of allergic-type (including asthma *), but also autoimmune and cancer is increasingly suspected of being related to a toxic impregnation related to environmental conditions.
The cumulative and / or toxic cocktail effect that isolation seem well below the acceptable daily intake, finally begin our health capital and overwhelm our natural defenses by forcing our body unbearable stress.
* The number of asthma increased from 5.8% in 1998 to 6.7% in 2006 lower socio-economic backgrounds are the most affected. Reimbursement of anti-asthma treatments has increased by 60% in 7 years, reaching € 970 million in 2007 (Source: MEEDTL).
This highly volatile compound with a pungent odor is detectable at very low concentrations (from 0.6 mg per cubic meter of air); it causes irritation and inflammation of the eyes, respiratory tract (nose, throat, lungs) and skin (redness, itching).
It may also have neurological consequences that result in increased fatigue, anxiety, headaches, nausea or dizziness.
Regular exposure may lead to sensitization (MCS) and the development of allergies, whose seizures can occur at extremely low doses.
At higher concentrations, its role is proved in the development of cancer in animals.
Long classified as a possible human carcinogen, was reclassified as “carcinogenic to humans” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Focus on chipboard
The main sources of formaldehyde in indoor air in our homes come from particle board and other wood in their manufacture using thermosetting adhesives based on formaldehyde.
Derivatives of urea formaldehyde are present in most furniture at low cost because this binder itself inexpensive allows the reuse of waste (wood chips, sawdust …) and corresponds perfectly to the rationalization of industrial production. Each manufacturer shall establish its own “recipes” for various types and densities of panels whose physical properties vary depending on the amount of resin (or binder) used. It is the latter that provides the panel cohesion (strength) and can train it.
Glues or resins used
The necessary amount of adhesive depends on the wood species, its humidity, etc.
These organic polymers may be of natural or synthetic origin.
These resins are characterized by their main components:
- Thermosetting (polymerize hot) urea-formaldehyde, phenol-formaldehyde …
- Thermoplastic neoprene adhesives, polyamides …
- Emulsion adhesives: vinyl …
- The hot melt wax or paraffin
- Natural glues: casein …
Among these classes of resins are thermosetting resins most commonly employed. Unfortunately, their constituent base is formaldehyde they release as they decompose, and which is thus found in the indoor air of homes.
What type of resin to use and why?
The formaldehyde-based resins are most commonly used in the industry of manufacturing wood-based panels:
- Urea Formaldehyde (UF) UF resin is the most economical; lightly colored or colorless, it is mainly used for interior panels.
Sanitarily is that the resin emits formaldehyde most because it is unstable under the effect of moisture and heat.
- Phenol-formaldehyde (PF)
This range of phenolic resins are more expensive but provide cohesion resistant to more severe heat and humidity conditions, which makes them more durable (not in the ecological sense).
Its molecular structure is more stable than the urea formaldehyde and therefore less responsive to changes in the ambient temperature, which diminishes the VOC emissions.
- Melamine-Formaldehyde (MF)
It is the same as for the phenolic resins. They are more expensive but last longer and are more resistant to more severe conditions.
- Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde (MUF)
UF resins are combined with melamine for applications requiring resistance to heat, light, humidity or water or for applications requiring a high degree of hardness.
New resins are being considered to limit emissions of pollutants and some are already in use.
This is the case of the MDI resin (diphenyl methane diisocyanate).
This compound is already used in the manufacture of many products such as polyurethane foams, plastics, adhesives, paints and varnishes.
However, if this binder is free of formaldehyde, it contains isocyanates deemed harmful by inhalation and may cause chemical sensitization.
Multiple chemical sensitization (English MCS, Multiple Chemical Sensitivy cad) is characterized by various symptoms involved in several systems (typically neurological systems, immune, respiratory, skin and / or muscle) and occurring chronic manner following exposure to multiple chemicals.
- The best alternative to wood panels bonded is solid wood, pine remaining more affordable thanks to its abundance in Europe and its rate of growth.
- A technique allows the manufacture of panels from wood particles, comprising the steaming at 150 ° to 200 ° in an aqueous medium which enables to use as their own binder resin.
- Finally, a new range of panels are available now composed of three layers of different wood chips bonded without toxic glue, urea formaldehyde, formaldehyde other than natural wood.
Focus on phthalates
Phthalates are compounds obtained by stratification of phthalic acid. They are used as plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in order to impart flexibility, extensibility and elasticity desired.
So we find phthalates in many plastic products in common use: small furniture, flooring, paints, cables, toys, food packaging, cosmetics …
Why are they unstable?
Phthalates are not covalently bound to the plastic matrix and can therefore be in contact with release: liquid, grease or escape into the ambient air, so it is of semi-volatile organic compounds .
If we are exposed to phthalates theoretically daily by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact (INRS, 2004), it is mainly through the food chain that the risk is the highest.
A long-term exposure to these organic lipids leads to endocrine effects: decreased male fertility, cancers and birth defects testitcules (DBP, BBP, DEHP and DIPP) and are no longer allowed in certain areas: toys for children , childcare products, food packaging, cosmetics (EFSA, 2004 EU, 2005 EU, 2007).
This is not yet the case for the furniture where it is considered that they participate to a lesser pollution of indoor air.
Another disadvantage of PVC sanitary
Its biggest problem in this regard is its degradation under the action of light and heat that produces - among others - hydrogen chloride (HCl), a highly corrosive toxic colorless gas forms white fumes on contact moisture.
- Use other materials such as PVC,
- If one keeps the PVC for its undeniable technical qualities, it must be laminating with other compounds that
No Age (years) Weight (kg) daily dose (mg / kg body weight / day)
children 0-1 5.5
Children 1 to March 13
children 4 to 10 27
Women 18-80 60
Men 18-80 70
Note that the WHO (World Health Organization) has issued a recommendation to 80 g / l as alert phthalate in water dose.
USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) and AWWA (American Water Works Association) when they consider that level to only 6 mg / l
Furniture at risk
- PVC-based or resin, they emit VOCs steadily for months; moreover, they are often sensitive to UV that accelerates aging and degradation.
- Made of fibreboard to whose chassis trays are filled honeycomb cartons.
- Lacquers and topcoats are almost never harmless.
Armchairs and sofas
These critical current interior furnishings are real chemical bombs:
- The frame is often made of chipboard with “secret” recipes
- Seats and cushions are usually polyurethane foams, playing more the role of “sponge VOC” while representing wonderful shelters for mites,
- Glues and resins used are toxic,
- The fabrics are treated with compounds (waterproofing, anti-fire, anti-stain …) potentially dangerous.
The top models in solid wood are covered with sometimes dangerous varnish and leather tanning are treated with chromium, to say the least.
Who says carpets are not being used as a nest for dust mites?
It goes without saying that if you persist in this decorative option, it is better to choose 100% natural, as well as for fiber dyes.
But be aware that there are now carpet woven various vegetable fibers mixed with the fiber nettle!
The interest of the latter, well known for its repellent properties against insects, is that it retains this property when dried and woven.
It is best to choose solid wood and are made with panels of wood fiber, they must not have any glue containing formaldehyde.
They must also comply with the European standard E-1 or HUD standard (Housing and Urban Development), 24 CFR Part 3280,308.
You can limit toxic emissions by carefully sealing all surfaces coated with low toxicity, which will create (but for how long) a barrier to formaldehyde fumes.
Not to be confused with melanin, a natural pigment that is secreted by the human body, melamine formaldehyde (FM) is part of the family of amino resins derived from urea, thiourea and cyanamide.
Its exceptional resistance to heat, light, chemicals, abrasion and fire explain its widespread use post-war.
Its main derivative ‘Formica® “as laminated sheets obtained under pressure and then decorated, has long been the standard in the kitchens.
100% latex mattresses are a little more expensive than foam, but are not harmful to health (except as specifically allergic) and more resistant to deformation due to the weather.
Today you will find pillows and 100% natural. the same price as those filled with foam.
Some envelopes are made with extracts of wood (lyocell …)
Packing in Polylactide: natural origin fibers made from corn (Ingeo …).
A new label
New labeling applicable to furniture to limit pollution of indoor air in homes enforcement laws Grenelle I and III, it published two decrees applicable from January 1, 2012, forcing a new label on nuisances possible different products used.
One (Decree No. 2011-321 of March 23, 2011) requires a label on the level of VOCs emitted, mandatory product construction and decoration while the other obliges ERP dedicated to childhood control the level of pollutants indoors.
Inform and warn consumers about the risks associated with inhalation of volatile pollutants such as formaldehyde, toluene, styrene, suspected so perennial cause diseases such as asthma, allergies or conjunctivitis ... least.
Remember those who disembark from another planet that these conditions affect 25 to 30% of the population in industrialized countries, and the health costs of poor quality of indoor air is estimated in France, between 10 and 40 billion € per year (source EnVIE, European program IAQ).
Which products are affected?
All construction products and wall coverings and floor are subject to mandatory labeling the emission level of volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Thus, it is several thousand items affected by this new label: paintings, wallpaper, flooring, carpets, varnishes, glues, adhesives …
How to read the label
It visually expresses a scale of A + (very low emissions) to C (high emissions) based on the classification of 11 VOCs identified by the Observatory of indoor air quality and selected because of their presence in statistics all french interiors.
Classes of emission levels have been established with the protocol Afsset in 2009 and aimed at developing this labeling.
Enforcement and sanctions
This labeling requirement applies to all products manufactured after January 1, 2012 and for those it has previously made, the limit on 1 September 2013.
The responsibility lies with the manufacturer who must declare the corresponding class at emissivity.
This is the DGCCRF (Directorate General for Competition, Consumption and Fraud Control), which is responsible for carrying out checks to verify the accuracy of statements on the outlets.
A virtuous circle imposed
There is no doubt that consumers can finally see the long-term dangers of furniture they introduce into their living space will gradually turn to less harmful, forcing manufacturers to formulate products for a environment healthier.
TÜV means a (very active in Asia) generic name of German laboratories and not a certification mark.
Products marked TÜV (“TÜV Rheinland“, “TUV Sud“, “TÜV Product Service” …) means simply that they have been tested by the respective laboratories.
Often marked “GS” (German certification) is also affixed.
It is therefore by no means a guarantee insurance on the non-toxicity of the products marked in the sense that we develop it here!
Babies and young children spend a lot of time every day to sleep in their room, with the door closed for often focus their tranquility.
Furniture chipboard emit harmful chemicals for several days, weeks or even years.
What to choose?
Prefer all equipment natural and inert materials such as:
- Solid wood
- Stainless steel
It is also necessary that the wood is not painted, varnished or coated with toxic substances themselves.
There is also a full line of eco-friendly furniture for the nursery, from cribs to cabinets not passing the shelves, which is a more reassuring upholstery choices in the context of a less polluted environment can inside.
Perfectly in the ecological spirit, as it is to use the chain re-use, buy used enough antique furniture remains an interesting solution. Indeed, they have already salted - over time - most toxic particles containe extra pollutants.
Moreover, this choice of furniture for the nursery is affordable for anyone. Of course, their “scrub” before installation should be done with the products themselves emphasizing on nontoxic solutions.
How to respond to these threats
1) If you experience symptoms of irritation of the nose or eyes, begin airing regularly for several weeks.
2) In all cases, ventilate the rooms and living rooms for at least 10-15 minutes.
3) systematically ventilate wet areas after use (bathroom) or equip them extractors delayed or hygrorégulés (HR relative humidity should not exceed 60% in rooms with a temperature of 20 °) .
4) If it persists, hunting chipboard, MDF, melamine unclassified E1 … and replace them with solid wood panels or low or very low emissions.
5) You can also cover them with a varnish or sealer made of linseed oil and natural resins, available from a distributor of environmentally friendly housing materials.
6) If you have any interior renovation work to be performed, schedule them preferably in summer, by providing at least three weeks before venting any regular use of the room.
And nurseries …
For all the reasons mentioned above, the vast majority of the air breathed by our toddlers in day care centers is polluted.
A study initiated by ASEF (Health Association Environment France) revealed in March 2009 that the air was polluted nurseries; conducted in 10 nurseries each equipped with sensors, it was designed to measure the concentration in the indoor air of three different molecules:
- Phthalate, known to cause infertility, still widely used in the plastic remains in many toys.
- Formaldehyde, suspected to cause asthma in young children, chronic mucosal irritation and cancer is commonly used in pressed wood, synthetic paints and foams.
- Benzene, a carcinogen molecule present in the air and paints.
The study results have shown the presence of the “concern” benzene and formaldehyde levels in particular.
Thus attentive to these risks and can afford parents now give their children to nurseries environmentalists.
The mark “NF Furniture Cribs“
The FCBA Technical Institute (Technological Institute - Forest Cellulose Bois-building Furniture) certify this quality brand initiated following the new regulation - Decree 91-1292 “early childhood, child care,” which since 2008 requires any manufacturer or importer to have a certificate of compliance. The latter is issued after the completion of a “type examination by a notified body.” Extreme situations (normal or low) that may occur during the use of furniture is taken into account to ensure the safety of young children. For example, testing the resistance to the spacing of the bars of the bed where a child tries to put his head between the bars! The risk may also stem from the novelty, design or innovation. Any changes in the product can hide a source of danger. The attention paid by the certification process and the control of a third party manufacturer assures that fears of missing a dangerous point.
Furniture and decor
- There are formulations of decorative and / or protective furniture perfectly compatible with a healthy indoor environment.
Hard oil, lime paint or casein … are part and are quite simple and cheap to make yourself. Hard oil is both an undercoat and finish for indoor use for wood surfaces exposed to heavy wear.
- For those who want to turn to products already prepared should browse around the catalogs of IKEA and find the best possible solutions for themselves.
Outdoor wood furniture place
Based on the research of laboratory Ensam Cluny, a new technique using the fir “Douglas” allows the manufacture of outdoor furniture. It is to place the log sheets for between 2-4 mm approximately 1.60 m wide. These veneers are then stacked in the same direction of the wood grain. This produces homogeneous blocks assign each a shape at a pressure of 120 tonnes, using a water-based glue. In addition, Douglas thus prepared has good weather resistance in exterior conditions. The material obtained has excellent dimensional stability combined with high mechanical strength. After cutting, the blocks (50 to 240 kg) can be used to create massive curved shapes. “Natural” products and furniture are delivered without varnish or stain protection layers applied on top so one should be mindful of that as well.
When the sun is shining brightly, it is so nice to settle in his garden and take some rest in a visually pleasant environment. But when it comes to cleaning the furniture before using it, then the eyebrows begin to wrinkle and a shade of doubt and aversion casts its grayness onto your wishes. It is however not difficult to clean garden furniture. Moreover, in addition to standard products such as soap and water, there quite a bit of choice as to the tricks and it only takes a little of your time.
Summer is the time when it’s nice on the outside – it is at this time that the gardens greet the world hello. But after long moments passed without attending to your furniture, it has lost its freshness. Regardless of the kind of furniture piece, all become gray instead of white, as if they were brand new, they certainly need to be cleaned. Fear not because cleaning plastic garden furniture is very easy.
How to effectively clean a garden?
To put right your furniture plastic garden, you just have to have at your disposal the necessary stuff and apply the tricks presented down below. Of course, you need water, soap, a sponge, to clean furniture, and possibly bleach, hydrogen peroxide and a little ammonia. White furniture is only slightly more difficult to clean than the furniture of other colors. To do this, it is advisable to begin with a preliminary cleaning. This is to polish up the furniture. Then rub your furniture with soap , thus applying it on a more deep level. If the spots are fairly persistent, do not hesitate to add a little bleach or hydrogen peroxide to the water mix then rinse thoroughly with clean water. And to give a little more shine to your furniture, get the egg whites. Apply it on your area and let dry. Finally, it will do more than well if you polish with a clean soft cloth. Once your furniture is clean, you can also coat of car wax to prevent more dirt encrusting.
Grandmother methods are always effective
If as a result of what has been said above, your furniture still have not regained their luster, do not despair. Try one of the methods that we offer below. Take white vinegar because it is a very effective cleaner. Rub your furniture with a rag soaked in the liquid and rinse. Otherwise, you can always opt for a cleaning based chips soap dissolved in warm water. You will end with a session of bleaching with hydrogen peroxide and voila. Other methods also involve mixing hot water with soda and etching using a steel wool or the concentrate of clay ground in water and then stripped. But if after all these attempts, dirt still have not disappeared, there is one final solution: paint the furniture.
How to paint furniture?
It is not always easy to repaint furniture. Also, for a successful painting, carefully follow these tips. It is recommended to have a special plastic paint for PVC or satin acrylic paint. You will then need a torch, a primer, steel wool and acrylic varnish. Start by lightly sand the furniture with steel wool and thread a large brush to remove dust. Afterwards, apply a first coat of acrylic primer and once dry, go back a second coat of primer. Allow to dry before applying paint. And to finish, apply acrylic varnish on the furniture. You will find that your garden furniture will be like new.